The responsible and humane treatment we give our animals is the key to NL’s world-class fur.

Fur farms in Newfoundland and Labrador are licensed by the province’s Forestry and Agrifoods Agency. In order to receive and maintain their licenses, fur farms are inspected annually to assure that they abide by provincial environmental protection regulations and animal-welfare criteria as outlined in the National Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farmed Mink and Fox.

Codes of Practice

The two Codes of Practice: “Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farmed Mink” and “Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farmed Foxes”, were developed by veterinarians, animal scientists, producers and animal-welfare authorities, under the auspices of the National Farm Animal Care Council (NAFACC). These codes outline the proper nutrition, housing and care required to promote optimal welfare for the animals – which is the only way to produce top-quality fur.

Herd Health Program

In addition to this, all fur farmers in this province are required to participate in a herd health program, which involves regular farm visits and consultation with our provincial veterinarians.


Farmed mink are euthanized with carbon monoxide gas, which quickly and humanely renders them irreversibly unconscious. Unlike food animals, which are often transported long distances to abattoirs, farmed mink can be euthanized in their barns, without the stress of transportation. Farmed foxes are also euthanized close to their pens, using a specially-designed device that uses electricity to stun and kill the animals quickly and humanely.


Fur is warm and beautiful, but did you know that it is also eco-logical?

Farmed minks and foxes are carnivores; they are fed offal and other by-products from fish and meat processing facilities, making productive use of nutrients that might otherwise end up clogging landfills. The fur these animals provide is long-lasting, recyclable and, ultimately, biodegradable.

The fat is rendered to produce mink oil, which is used to preserve and protect leathers and as a high-quality lubricant. Even the soiled bedding (straw, shavings) manure, and carcasses are valuable; they are composted to produce organic fertilizers and bio-fuels.

Nothing is wasted!

“This code of practice covers requirements and recommendations for all aspects of mink welfare, including housing, feed and water, bio-security, health, husbandry and euthanasia.”

“As mink farmers, it is a very strict protocol we must meet. But I think it’s great because it ensures farmers are doing the right job”